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The Hopelessness Of Paris
By Ernest Stewart

"To be clear, climate change is a true 800 pound gorilla in the room. The effects of global warming threaten global environmental upheaval over the coming century. But for South Florida and the Everglades, it could be our death knell if urgent action is not taken." ~~~ Debbie Wasserman Schultz

While researching this article, I came upon some interesting facts on Global Warming. For example, in the World Resource Institute, I found this interesting tidbit...
"Since 1978, the US has emitted as much carbon dioxide as was emitted in the previous 228 years. Globally, since 1984, we have emitted as much carbon dioxide as in the previous 236 years. These numbers do not include offshored emissions, or emissions made in countries other than the US, where the products or services created in those other countries are consumed in the US."
Here's another tidbit I found in the "Clean Power Plan Fact Sheet" and "Kyoto Protocol Reference Manual."
"The Paris Clean Power Plan is less stringent than the Kyoto Protocol ... Kyoto Protocol era emissions reductions were born of the 1992 Rio Earth Summit. The Clean Power Plan is 32 percent below 2005 levels by 2030 (1969 levels of 4007 Gt C) vs. Kyoto at 7 percent below 1990 levels by 2012 (1984 levels of 4559 Gt C). The Clean Power Plan is 12 percent more stringent but 18 years behind. Kyoto commitments for Phase II were generally at 80 percent below 1990 by 2020. (The United States, South Sudan and Afghanistan were the only countries to not ratify Kyoto). The current UNFCCC commitment by the United States is 80 percent below 2005 levels by 2050, 30 years behind."
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change or IPCC, now says that we must remove greater than 100 percent of annual emissions directly from the sky in order to avoid dangerous climate change. The following quote is from the next to the last statement of fact in the SPM, (Summary for Policymakers) which takes the complex equations from Global Warming and simplifies it down to where even a politician can understand it, if they want to...
"A large fraction of anthropogenic climate change resulting from carbon dioxide emissions is irreversible on a multi-century to millennial time scale, except in the case of a large net removal of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere over a sustained period."
Chapter 12 repeats this statement in different language that adds more meaning and clarification to the Summary for Policymakers statement. From the summary of Chapter 12 Long-term Climate Change: Projections, Commitments and Irreversibility, we find:
"A large fraction of climate change is largely irreversible on human time scales, unless net anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions were strongly negative over a sustained period."
How much is a large net removal? The IPCC did not quantify how much "a large net removal" meant; but, it recognized the need. A "large net removal" is "largely" more than emissions reductions alone. This amount has now been published in Nature Communications "as 105 to 135 percent of today's annual emissions for the best case scenario (RCP2.6, 450 parts per million of carbon dioxide, 390 parts per million carbon dioxide) and 170 to 210 percent of today's emissions with the worst-case scenario (RCP8.5, 1370 parts per million of carbon dioxide, about 1190 parts per million carbon dioxide). Because today's emissions in the US are approximately equal to 2005 emissions, Gasser's suggested 135 percent negative emissions is about four times more than the CPP's 32 percent below 2005 and six times more than the US current commitment for 2050 of 80 percent below 2005." From the abstract: Paywall: Gasser et al., Negative emissions physically needed to keep global warming below 2C, Nature, August 3, 2015.
"Because these figures have not been shown to be feasible, we conclude that development of negative emission technologies should be accelerated, but also that conventional mitigation must remain a substantial part of any climate policy aiming at the 2-C target."
You might find it interesting to note that from 2003 to 2010, $7 billion in anti-global warming funding has been identified from revenues reported in IRS tax returns for 91 of 118 organizations and institutions identified in the academic literature as being involved; and a large portion of those are funded by the Koch brothers! I bet you're surprised, huh? Me, neither! Since 2010, that amount has more than doubled to $16 billion. The research from Drexel and Stanford concludes:
"With delay and obfuscation as their goals, the US CCCM has been quite successful in recent decades. However, the key actors in this cultural and political conflict are not just the "experts" who appear in the media spotlight. The roots of climate-change denial go deeper, because individuals' efforts have been bankrolled and directed by organizations that receive sustained support from foundations and funders known for their overall commitments to conservative causes. Thus, to fully understand the opposition to climate change legislation, we need to focus on the institutionalized efforts that have built and maintain this organized campaign. Just as in a theatrical show, there are stars in the spotlight. In the drama of climate change, these are often prominent contrarian scientists or conservative politicians, such as Senator James Inhofe. However, they are only the most visible and transparent parts of a larger production. Supporting this effort are directors, scriptwriters, and, most importantly, a series of producers, in the form of conservative foundations. Clarifying the institutional dynamics of the CCCM can aid our understanding of how anthropogenic climate change has been turned into a controversy rather than a scientific fact in the US"
In other words, the 1% pull the puppet strings of the Simian Collective; and folks like Inhofe dance a merry jig while lying their asses off -- so that their puppet masters can make an extra buck by killing us all! The only conclusion I can draw is we are so screwed. The Paris Conference is trying to get an agreement that's just a small part of what the Kyoto agreement, which wasn't enough in its entirety to stop Global Warming, not to mention that things today are a lot worse than what Kyoto imagined!


01-03-1930 ~ 12-04-2015
Thanks for the film!

03-05-1934 ~ 12-06-2015
Thanks for the laughs!

11-30-1925 ~ 12-07-2015
Thanks for the film!

02-15-1946 ~ 12-08-2015
Thanks for everything!


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(c) 2015 Ernest Stewart a.k.a. Uncle Ernie is an unabashed radical, author, stand-up comic, DJ, actor, political pundit and for 13 years was the managing editor and publisher of Issues & Alibis magazine. Visit me on Facebook. Follow me on Twitter.

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Issues & Alibis Vol 15 # 50 (c) 12/11/2015